An Iconic Mark 1 – The Railway Hub


Making a enterprise changing former BR Mark 1 (Mk.1) coaches for residential and leisure functions was at all times going to be a problem, however Armin Obrecht has virtually accomplished his first conversion. Andy Coward met the Iconic Railway Coaches founder to seek out out extra.

The snug lounge space of BR Mk.1 BCK M21240, now fitted with a bar, two giant sofas, an armchair, desk, and wooden -burning range.

All Pictures: Iconic Railway Coaches / Paul Mason

Throughout the nation at heritage strains and on some non-public websites are derelict British Railways Mark 1 (Mk.1) coaches, patiently awaiting the decision for restoration or scrap. These coaches, which had been constructed of their 1000’s, are an immediately recognisable a part of our railway historical past.

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I travelled to Hemel Hempstead to fulfill a person who goals to breathe new life into unloved, derelict Mk.1 coaches – changing them for the non-public luxurious market quite than for operation on heritage railways – and his enthusiasm shines by means of.

“The Mk.1 coach is as iconic because the Routemaster bus and is an immediately recognisable traditional British design,” explains Armin Obrecht, the founding father of the aptly-named Iconic Railway Coaches, who’s displaying me across the first such carriage that his firm has re-purposed into a gorgeous dwelling.

This coach, BR Mk.1 Brake Hall Composite (BCK) M21240, is the corporate’s showpiece, the place potential prospects can see simply what will be achieved. With numerous orders for related conversions within the pipeline, it seems to be like Armin could have struck on a successful method for his burgeoning heritage enterprise.

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The outside of the coach in carmine and cream colours.
Completed in BR carmine and cream colors, M21240 stands on the Boxted Farm property in Hemel Hempstead. Lining, fleet numbers, and a BR crest stay to be fitted to the surface of the coach within the close to future.

I’m sitting within the former guard’s brake and parcels space of the BCK, which now varieties a gorgeous front room – full with its personal bar, two giant snug sofas, an armchair, desk, and welcoming wood-burning range within the nook. It’s extremely cosy on a sunny however chilly morning.

The car initially contained three customary class compartments, two firstclass compartments, and a rest room at every finish of the passenger lodging, with a guards workplace and parcels space on the different finish of the coach.

The BCK featured extra passenger lodging than the extra quite a few BSK design (which had 4 customary class compartments and a bigger parcels space), however the design of the car has allowed for a surprisingly roomy conversion to be carried out with out ruining the texture of the carriage, and the residing space doesn’t really feel cramped.

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Work isn’t fairly full, however it’s clear that the ending line is nicely in sight. The hall and compartment space has been retained, with one of many firstclass compartments reworked into a wise and practical fashionable kitchen containing space-saving home equipment, a built-in fridge, and loads of storage space.

The opposite firstclass compartment now incorporates a fold-out desk, with wall lighting and mirrors in an identical however extra up to date type to people who would have been fitted when in BR service; overhead baggage racks stay to be fitted so as to add to the genuine really feel, however they’re able to be put in. The seating on this room, too, shouldn’t be but full however will present a comfortable a eating room to comfortably seat six individuals.

Two bedrooms have been created – a former customary class compartment is fitted with single bunk beds, whereas the opposite two customary class compartments have been knocked into one to create a double bed room, full with built-in cabinets. On the far finish of the carriage is a spacious rest room, full with a tiled moist room. Once more, the utilisation of the previous rest room and hall part has supplied loads of room for a loo that defies the accessible area.

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Ceilings have been lowered in components of the coach, whereas LED lighting and different fashionable fixtures give a high-quality end.

As a result of metal development of the carriage, Armin was nicely conscious that with out respectable insulation, it could possibly be freezing chilly in winter and sweltering in summer season, so insulation has been fitted all through within the ceiling and partitions. The concrete flooring within the parcels space was eliminated and changed with a wood one.

Underfloor heating parts are nonetheless to be laid earlier than the ultimate flooring is put in, and there are just a few different minor duties to complete.

The design is intelligent and sensible whereas sympathetic to the heritage. It’s clear that Armin has put a whole lot of thought into what individuals would possibly need from a railway coach transformed for residing lodging.

Whereas the rooms created from compartments are restricted in measurement, they don’t really feel as cramped as they most likely ought to. This might make a cushty dwelling, regardless that it has misplaced little or no of its railway origins.

Whereas it could not go well with everybody’s tastes, I’m suitably impressed by what has been achieved and will image myself residing in such environment.

The coach is at present positioned on a small industrial property on farmland in a rural space halfway between Hemel Hempstead and Berkhamsted on the West Coast Fundamental Line. With all of the exterior home windows retained, it feels shiny and ethereal, with views throughout the adjoining fields on one facet.

A kitchen with red counters and black counter tops.
Regardless of the dimensions limitations of the previous firstclass compartment in M21240, a surprisingly well-equipped kitchen has been fitted, which incorporates loads of storage space, a built-in fridge, and space-saving home equipment, like a hob, oven, and microwave.

Giant quantity

Inbuilt big numbers between the Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties, there are nonetheless a lot of Mk.1 coaches in service in 2022, each on the principle line with the likes of West Coast Railways, the Scottish Railway Preservation Society, and Riviera Trains, in addition to being the bedrock of operations for almost all of our heritage strains.

There are most likely a whole lot of Mk.1s saved out of use in various situations, from these awaiting a lightweight overhaul, repaint, and return to service to ones in a derelict situation with, seemingly, barely an opportunity of being restored sooner or later.

It’s the coaches falling into the latter class which can be of curiosity to Armin. He has recognized a quantity across the nation that are perfect for conversion into residing lodging or no matter goal his shoppers want for them. He has reservations in opposition to numerous coaches and is hopeful that his enterprise will get the prospect to re-purpose an excellent variety of them for different makes use of.

He explains: “The primary coach is designed to indicate how a Mk.1 will be transformed into a cushty dwelling, vacation let, or luxurious visitor lodging, however there are such a lot of attainable different makes use of – backyard places of work, a house cinema, video games rooms, glamping lodging, or something that may be created inside the footprint.”

Changing previous railway coaches for different makes use of is nothing new and there are a selection of excellent high quality restorations dotted across the nation in use as tenting coaches, vacation lets, or in non-public possession. Nevertheless, Armin is firmly aiming on the luxurious finish of the market and has recognized numerous attainable shoppers who’ve expressed an curiosity within the work he has achieved on the primary coach, though delays getting it accomplished and the coronavirus pandemic have meant his enterprise has had a considerably troublesome beginning.

Armin is a chocolatier by commerce and has labored with numerous high-end luxurious chocolate corporations and types all through a profitable profession, however the lifelong railway fanatic had lengthy harboured an ambition to personal his personal Mk.1 coach and convert the inside into a house.

“I used to be born in London to an English mom and a German father, however as a baby I spent numerous years residing in Germany and vividly keep in mind spending a whole lot of time travelling on the German railways, which gave me a lifelong love of the railways.

“Within the Eighties I used to be residing again within the UK and I can keep in mind 1000’s of Mk.1 coaches being scrapped at Leicester, considering what a waste it was for these automobiles to be lower up with loads of life left in them.

“A Mk.1 could possibly be purchased very cheaply then, however regretfully I couldn’t afford it on the time. I feel that’s when the seed of the thought was first planted.”

A eager O gauge modeller, Armin has scratch-built many mannequin railway locomotives and coaches over time and likewise had a dwell steam backyard railway in his dwelling subsequent to the River Thames at Marlow.

Nevertheless, his ex-wife didn’t share his enthusiasm for having a full-size railway coach within the backyard of their dwelling, so it remained an unfulfilled ambition.

It was throughout a go to to a heritage railway with associates that he noticed numerous semi-derelict Mk.1 coaches rotting away in sidings and his curiosity was rekindled. Having loved a profitable profession and believing there was a marketplace for remodeling derelict Mk.1s for different makes use of, Armin was satisfied the idea could possibly be profitable.

He explains: “I discussed the thought to some individuals and so they all agreed that it could possibly be profitable, even whether it is barely area of interest, however I did have a Plan B in case the enterprise wasn’t profitable. As soon as the conversion was full I may at all times rent the car out as a rental dwelling or for vacation lets.”

One of many first individuals Armin mentioned his thought with was the late Sir William McAlpine, whom he had recognized for numerous years by means of his chocolatier enterprise. He was a daily customer to Sir William’s non-public property at Fawley Hill, and Sir William was filled with encouragement and help, telling him to ‘go for it’.

One in all Armin’s largest regrets is that Sir William handed away earlier than his first coach was full.

Six years in the past he bought the 1961 Swindon-built Mk.1 BCK M21240 and moved it from the Weardale Railway to a workshop in Shildon, the place contractors had been employed to hold out the transformation.

“The coach wasn’t in nice situation and had a whole lot of the bodyrot issues which can be frequent with Mk.1 coaches,” Armin explains.

“Nevertheless, it was at all times my intention to hold out the restoration to the best customary and I deliberate to fully re-skin the car in a thicker grade of metal, so the poor situation of the coach didn’t put me off.”

The bathroom, with toilet, sink, infinity mirror and tiled wet room.
The posh rest room incorporates a rest room, sink, illuminated infinity mirror, and a tiled moist room. The tiled wall with the small curved window is the place the hall connection for the coach was once. The hall connection has been retained on the surface of the car for aesthetic functions solely. 

Quirky nature

His dwelling conversion thought for the coach was picked up by the tv manufacturing firm producing George Clarke’s Superb Areas present on Channel 4. It shared Armin’s imaginative and prescient as to how a carriage could possibly be reworked from a derelict hulk into a cushty dwelling; the quite quirky nature of the venture was a gorgeous prospect.

The manufacturing firm started visiting Shildon on a month-to-month foundation to movie the varied levels of the rebuild, however a scarcity of progress by the contractors Armin had employed was turning into noticeable and inflicting concern, leading to filming being stopped and the choice taken to drop the conversion from being featured on Superb Areas.

Armin was disenchanted because the present had the potential to showcase his venture and enterprise. He was compelled to take motion in opposition to his contractors and this triggered delays to the venture as work got here to a standstill.

He managed to salvage the venture thanks to 2 industry-served coachbuilders who had achieved some work for the unique contractors earlier than that relationship soured.

“I used to be cautious at first after the issues I had suffered, however these guys turned out to be saviour of the venture and I’m so happy they picked the job up. They had been implausible.”

Having managed to get issues underway, Armin was confronted with an issue nobody may ignore – the pandemic. By this stage, work on re-skinning the coach was progressing nicely and far had been achieved on refurbishing the underframe and supporting construction. As Armin says: “By the point the coach was painted, beneath the paintwork the construction was most likely higher than when it was new.”

A view of the living room area, with two pink coaches and a bar.
One other view of the lounge space of M21240, taken from the hall finish of the coach. The place the mirror is positioned on the far wall, wiring for set up of a wall-mounted tv has been fitted.

When Covid-19 restrictions allowed for work to be carried out on the car, Armin employed his contractors for 25 hours every week and requested them to maintain going. This turned out to be nice determination; by the beginning of 2021, work was reaching the stage the place the coach could possibly be moved to its present dwelling, near the place Armin now lives.

Talking of the restoration and construct high quality of the coach, he’s animated in his reward for the craftsmen who constructed Mk.1s for British Railways within the Nineteen Fifties and Nineteen Sixties. “Once you have a look at these automobiles, the construct high quality is implausible. It’s primarily a postwar product, however the high quality of the woodwork and development is unbelievable and has actually stood the take a look at of time.

“Sure, it’s true that they have an inclination to undergo from corrosion and bodyrot, however when you think about how lengthy it’s since they had been constructed, the design has actually proved itself.”

The bodyrot Armin mentions will likely be acquainted to anybody who has labored on Mk.1 coaches. They’re infamous for corrosion across the home windows, coach ends, and structural crash pillars. Armin’s car has been fully re-skinned with a thicker grade of metal (making the coach barely heavier than it initially would have been), previous to it being sealed, primed, undercoated and painted in a high-quality paint.

M21240 has been outshopped in BR carmine and cream (extra generally referred to as blood and custard), though it’s nonetheless awaiting the applying of lining, fleet numbers, and BR teaching inventory crests – work which is because of be carried out imminently.

A view through a carriage door of a bunk bed.
Intelligent use of the restricted area in a normal class compartment has seen bunk beds put in. With two single beds and a double mattress, the coach may comfortably sleep 4 individuals.

Curiously, M21240 is the BCK modelled in N gauge and OO gauge by Trix fashions, and appeared in mannequin type each in maroon livery in addition to blue and gray colors. Armin was unaware of this hyperlink when he bought the coach for conversion and was amazed when a good friend offered him with a mannequin of the coach now in his possession.

However Covid-19 and the uncertainty that resulted from the pandemic has had a adverse impact on the Iconic Railway Coaches order e-book, as Armin explains. “Earlier than Covid struck I had an inventory of individuals wanting to purchase coaches who all beloved the thought. There have been varied proposals for what prospects needed to do with them, however securing agency orders through the pandemic proved extraordinarily troublesome.”

Issues are actually beginning to look extra promising and curiosity within the enterprise is rising as soon as extra, with numerous proposals within the pipeline.

A lot of coaches have been recognized for conversion, most of that are at present housed on heritage strains, seemingly forgotten. Some will likely be modified for industrial use, corresponding to cafés and performance suites, whereas others will likely be for personal prospects as houses or places of work. Armin says: “Regardless of the buyer needs, so long as we will match it inside the bodyshell of a Mk.1, we’ll do it.”

Armin believes there’s a robust marketplace for his enterprise and has a transparent imaginative and prescient as to the way forward for Iconic Railway Coaches. If this primary coach is a benchmark for what will be achieved, I don’t doubt that the order e-book will quickly begin filling up.

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