Swedish truck producer Scania has unveiled its new era of hybrid vehicles, that are supplied as full hybrids (HEV) and plug-in hybrids (PHEV). The latter now come to market with two e-machines contributing 230 kW steady and 290 kW peak energy respectively.
The brand new era of semi-electric vehicles with a gross car weight of as much as 36 tonnes (in 4×2, 6×2 or 6×2*4 configurations) will be geared up with totally different drive and charging choices, in keeping with Scania, and are stated to be appropriate for numerous functions corresponding to refrigerated transport, concrete mixers and regional distribution transport. The primary distinction to the present era of PHEV: the brand new truck variants include doubled electrical energy: specifically 230 as an alternative of 115 kW with 2,100 Nm of torque. The combinable combustion engine has an output of between 164 and 208 kW (engine “DC07”) or between 208 and 268 kW (engine “DC 09”) – each can be found in three energy ranges. This explains the respective energy vary.
So whereas we all know the latter engine from the present era of hybrid vehicles, Scania now provides the chance to couple the extra highly effective electrical drive with a smaller combustion engine. The battery on board stays the identical at 90 kWh (three packages of 30 kWh every), and the charging time hardly adjustments both: in keeping with the Swedish firm, 35 minutes are wanted for a full cost (final 12 months they stated “35 minutes from 0 to 80 per cent SoC”). The electrical vary continues to be given as 60 kilometres.
The total hybrids get a battery pack with 30 kWh capability, a 90 kW electrical motor and in addition the choice of the smaller DC07 combustion engine. This provides the hybrid vehicles a 250-kilogram improve in payload in comparison with their combustion-only siblings, Scania says.
The brand new hybrid powertrain is an in-house improvement. The electrical motors are packed into the brand new system “with important elements of the newest (2020) Opticruise transmission era” in a single unit. Scania calls this newly developed element a “Gearbox Electrical machine”, or GE281 for brief. It’s stated to supply six ahead gears, uninterrupted shifting and energy take-off (PTO) feeding in electrical in addition to combustion engine mode.
The brand new semi-electric autos are to be accessible with cabs within the P, G and L collection, and the vehicles will be specified as flatbed vehicles and tractor-trailers. “With this fourth era of hybrid vehicles from Scania, now we have reached some extent the place hybrids are sturdy candidates for a wide range of functions and operations the place sustainability and good options are the principle priorities. These new hybrids have the capability for taking over a large number of duties and can come out on prime in all types of related comparisons,” feedback Fredrik Allard, Senior Vice President and Head of e-mobility at Scania Gross sales & Advertising, on the launch of the brand new part-electric autos.
Scania is without doubt one of the few main OEMs which have determined to supply heavy industrial autos with hybrid drive. Most opponents depend on BEV or FCEV autos – or each. “We do consider that these sorts of vehicles will ultimately get replaced by battery-electric autos,” Allard feedback. “However till lengthy electric-powered ranges and related charging infrastructures can be found in all markets, there’s positively a window throughout this decade for hybrids.”
“With the GE281, now we have reached a brand new degree,” the supervisor continues. “The electrical machine equals or typically exceeds what the combustion engine can supply, thus creating the chance to downsize the inner combustion (ICE) engine and save each gas and weight. The ICE is barely motivated by its functionality to supply the vary wanted when travelling longer legs between totally different assignments.”
Which isn’t to say that Scania doesn’t supply all-electric autos in any respect: The Swedish firm has had a purely battery-electric mannequin of their portfolio since final 12 months with a truck referred to as Scania BEV. The car has an output of 230 kW (so it has the identical two e-motors on board because the next-generation PHEV) and is obtainable with battery capacities of 165 and 300 kWh for ranges of as much as 250 kilometres.