The Each day — Shopper Value Index, December 2021




Launched: 2022-01-19


Shopper Value Index

December 2021

4.8% 

(12-month change)

Canadians continued to really feel the influence of rising costs for groceries in December, as unfavourable climate circumstances through the rising season and provide chain disruptions put upward strain on costs. Provide chain disruptions additionally led to increased costs for sturdy items, together with passenger autos and family home equipment, whereas increased building prices and the elevated frequency and severity of climate occasions contributed to rising residence and mortgage insurance coverage prices.

The Shopper Value Index (CPI) rose 4.8% on a year-over-year foundation in December, up from a 4.7% achieve in November. Excluding gasoline, the CPI rose 4.0% 12 months over 12 months.

On a month-to-month foundation, the CPI fell 0.1% in December, following a 0.2% enhance in November. This was the primary month-to-month decline since December 2020, as gasoline costs fell in response to decrease demand amid the unfold of the Omicron COVID-19 variant.

Highlights

The Shopper Value Index (CPI) rose 4.8% on a year-over-year foundation in December, up from a 4.7% achieve in November.

Headline CPI grew at a quicker tempo in contrast with November, due partially to increased costs for meals (+5.2%), passenger autos (+7.2%) and householders’ residence and mortgage insurance coverage (+9.3%). Excluding gasoline, the CPI rose 4.0% 12 months over 12 months.

On a month-to-month foundation, the CPI fell 0.1% in December, following a 0.2% enhance in November. This was the primary month-to-month decline since December 2020.

On a seasonally adjusted month-to-month foundation, the CPI was up 0.3%.

Costs rose in all eight main parts on a year-over-year foundation in December. Transportation and shelter costs contributed essentially the most to the rise within the CPI.

Yr over 12 months, costs for companies (+3.4%) rose at a quicker tempo in December in contrast with November (+2.9%). Costs for items (+6.8%) grew at a barely slower tempo than in November (+6.9%), moderating the worth progress within the CPI. Gasoline costs rose to a lesser extent in December (+33.3%) than in November (+43.6%), contributing to the slowdown in items costs.

Inflation is usually in contrast with adjustments to common wages. In December 2021, the CPI rose 4.8% on a year-over-year foundation. Wage information, which maintains employment composition by occupation and tenure from the Labour Pressure Survey, discovered that wages rose 2.6% throughout the identical interval, that means that, on common, costs rose quicker than wages, and Canadians skilled a decline in buying energy.

Chart 1 

Chart 1: 12-month change in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and CPI excluding gasoline

12-month change within the Shopper Value Index (CPI) and CPI excluding gasoline


Chart 1: 12-month change in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and CPI excluding gasoline

What’s new this month?

2021 annual Each day and infographic

In the present day, Statistics Canada publishes the discharge Shopper Value Index: Annual overview, 2021 and the infographic Shopper Value Index: 2021 in Assessment, highlighting the annual common client inflation in Canada and the areas in 2021.

The adjusted worth index and month-to-month adjusted basket weights

Utilizing numerous sources of expenditure information, Statistics Canada, in partnership with the Financial institution of Canada, has estimated month-to-month adjusted client expenditure weights that replicate shifts in consumption patterns because the pandemic evolves. For extra detailed data, seek the advice of the doc entitled “Adjusted Value Index and Month-to-month Adjusted Shopper Expenditure Basket Weights.”

Discover the CPI instruments that may enable you to make knowledgeable monetary choices

Take a look at the Private Inflation Calculator! This interactive calculator permits you to enter greenback quantities within the widespread expense classes to provide a personalised inflation price, which you’ll evaluate to the official measure of inflation for the typical Canadian household—the Shopper Value Index (CPI).

Go to the Shopper Value Index Portal to seek out all CPI information, publications, interactive instruments, and bulletins highlighting new merchandise and upcoming adjustments to the CPI in a single handy location.

Seek the advice of the Shopper Value Index Information Visualization Instrument to entry present and historic CPI information in a customizable visible format.

Chart 2 

Chart 2: Prices rise in all eight major components

Costs rise in all eight main parts


Chart 2: Prices rise in all eight major components

Costs for groceries proceed to climb

Grocery costs continued to climb in December, rising 5.7% 12 months over 12 months, the most important yearly enhance since November 2011. Costs for contemporary fruit (+5.6%), together with apples (+6.7%), oranges (+6.6%) and bananas (+2.5%), elevated on a year-over-year foundation. Unfavourable climate circumstances in rising areas, in addition to provide chain disruptions, led to increased costs for households.

As well as, costs for bakery merchandise rose 4.7% 12 months over 12 months, as drought through the summer time months diminished wheat crop yields, in flip elevating costs for buyers.

Costs for sturdy items enhance at a quicker tempo

On a yearly foundation, costs for sturdy items rose at a quicker tempo in December (+5.7%) than in November (+5.5%). A sturdy good is a product that can be utilized repeatedly or repeatedly over a interval of a couple of 12 months. Customers who bought a brand new automobile in December paid 7.2% greater than those that did so in December 2020, as the worldwide scarcity of semiconductor chips continued to raise costs.

Customers who bought family home equipment, like fridges and freezers (+13.9%) and laundry and dishwashing home equipment (+10.4%), paid 8.9% extra in December 2021 in contrast with December 2020. This was the most important yearly achieve since June 1982. The motion is essentially attributable to a rise in demand amid international provide chain disruptions.

Owners pay extra for residence and mortgage insurance coverage

With the latest will increase in building prices, primarily as a result of increased costs for constructing provides, Canadian householders paid 9.3% extra for residence and mortgage insurance coverage in December 2021 in contrast with December 2020. A rise within the frequency and severity of weather-related claims, similar to these associated to fires and flooding, might have additionally contributed to increased charges.

Gasoline costs enhance at a slower price 12 months over 12 months

Yr over 12 months, gasoline costs rose to a lesser extent in December (+33.3%) than in November (+43.6%).

On a month-to-month foundation, Canadian drivers paid much less on the pumps as gasoline costs fell 4.1%, the most important month-to-month decline since April 2020. The tightening of public well being restrictions in response to the brand new Omicron variant weighed on demand for gasoline.

Chart 3 

Chart 3: Gasoline prices decrease month over month

Gasoline costs lower month over month


Chart 3: Gasoline prices decrease month over month

Costs for air transportation rise amid sturdy demand for air journey

Month over month, Canadians paid 24.7% extra for airfare in December, after a 3.1% drop in November. Robust demand for air journey through the vacation season contributed to the month-to-month worth enhance, which was much like the motion in December 2019 (+23.4%), earlier than the pandemic.

Infographic 1 

Thumbnail for Infographic 1: Monthly price change for air transportation

Month-to-month worth change for air transportation


Thumbnail for Infographic 1: Monthly price change for air transportation

Regional highlights

Yr over 12 months, costs rose at a quicker tempo in December than in November in 4 provinces. The rise in Alberta (+4.8%) was largely attributable to increased costs for pure gasoline (+35.5%) and electrical energy (+33.8%). Ontarians paid extra for family home equipment (+11.8%), contributing to the worth progress in Ontario (+5.2%) in December.

Chart 4 

Chart 4: The Consumer Price Index rises at a faster pace in four provinces

The Shopper Value Index rises at a quicker tempo in 4 provinces


Chart 4: The Consumer Price Index rises at a faster pace in four provinces





















  Notice to readers

COVID-19 and the Shopper Value Index

In December 2021, no particular therapies for good and companies as a result of COVID-19 pandemic have been required. Nonetheless, Statistics Canada continues to watch the impacts of the brand new Omicron variant on the Shopper Value Index (CPI).

The small print of the particular therapies from April 2020 to March 2021 are supplied in technical dietary supplements out there by the Costs Analytical Collection. Particulars and different therapy data for April 2021 and onwards can be found upon request.

The CPI is repeatedly evolving to include essentially the most well timed and correct information sources and strategies. Within the coming months, new sources of administrative information will probably be launched for the mortgage curiosity price index and the mobile companies worth index. Work can also be underway to incorporate the worth of used automobiles and vehicles, and customers will probably be knowledgeable upfront of this transformation.

Actual-time information tables

Actual-time information desk 18-10-0259-01 will probably be up to date on January 31, 2022. For extra data, seek the advice of the doc “Actual-time information tables.”

Subsequent launch

The Shopper Value Index for January 2022 will probably be launched on February 16, 2022.

The adjusted worth index for October 2021 to December 2021 will probably be launched on February 24, 2022.


Merchandise

The “Shopper Value Index Information Visualization Instrument” is accessible on the Statistics Canada web site.

Extra data on the ideas and use of the Shopper Value Index (CPI) is accessible in The Canadian Shopper Value Index Reference Paper (Catalogue quantity62-553-X).

For data on the historical past of the CPI in Canada, seek the advice of the publication Exploring the First Century of Canada’s Shopper Value Index (Catalogue quantity62-604-X).

Two movies, “An Overview of Canada’s Shopper Value Index (CPI)” and “The Shopper Value Index and Your Expertise of Value Change,” can be found on Statistics Canada’s YouTube channel.

Contact data

For extra data, or to investigate in regards to the ideas, strategies or information high quality of this launch, contact us (toll-free 1-800-263-1136; 514-283-8300; infostats@statcan.gc.ca) or Media Relations (statcan.mediahotline-ligneinfomedias.statcan@statcan.gc.ca).



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